The baby is able to make facial expressions now at pregnancy week 14. The weight of the baby is around 70 g and over 4 inches long. Week by week the baby grows and increases proportionally. Now the face and body are far more defined. Around this time the thyroid gland of the baby starts to produce hormones. The external genitals develop further and, in most cases, can be seen on an ultrasound scan too. The neck is longer and the chin is more defined, refining the shape of the head and face. Her eyes have become closer, although they will be sealed closed by the eyelids until 28 weeks of pregnancy. The bridge of her nose appears and her ears are higher on her head. The face is now well developed and also very faint eyebrows start appearing. The baby can easily move around in the amniotic fluid as there is plenty of space. The baby has periods of being awake and asleep, although, all these moments, are not felt. The head appears to be much more proportional now. By pregnancy week 14, it is seen that the ears of the baby move to their place while the eyes come closer together. The vocal cords are now complete and thyroid glands start to produce hormones. The hands become functional. All the nourishment is received from the placenta.
By pregnancy week 14 some symptoms like constipation may be noticed. Drinking plenty of water and eating foods that contain lots of fiber will help keep bowels moving while pregnant. Pregnancy slows the process of digestion and prenatal vitamins containing iron also contribute to constipation. Iron is vital however during pregnancy and can help prevent anemia. Feeling frequently hungry is also quite common during pregnancy week 14. It may also be found that a woman is high on energy during this time. The body starts releasing a hormone called relaxin that makes the joints and ligaments much more flexible and hence prone to injury. It is necessary to take things easy and allow oneself plenty of time to warm up and cool down to prevent any kind of injury.
Now there is less nausea, urination and exhaustion during pregnancy week 14. Headaches are common which can be reduced by eating snacks containing carbohydrates. The breasts grow large areolas become large and darken. The body prepares itself for breast-feeding. Consuming enough of calcium is quite important during this time as it is the source for the baby’s bones. To avoid constipation drinking lots of water, i.e. 8-10 glass a day and eating food rich in fiber like lentils, beans, pears or peas will help. Light, moderate exercises will also relieve from bloating. Food rich in calcium like yoghurt, cheese, milk and green leafy vegetables should be consumed daily during pregnancy. The baby’s nervous system and spinal cord are the first things to develop, and folic acid is naturally found in whole grains, green leafy vegetables, beans, bananas, broccoli and milk is essential. Hence it is recommended that the mother should eat food rich in folic acid and also begin taking a supplement containing folic acid. The recommended amount of folic acid is 600 mcg once pregnant. Vitamin C is essential for the production of collagen, which gives strength to the baby’s cartilage, muscles, blood vessels, and bones. Adequate doses of vitamin C also help in a healthy birth weight and a decreased risk of premature rupture of the membranes. Vitamin C is found in orange juice as well as from a wide variety of delicious fruits like mango, papaya, cantaloupe, and strawberries and vegetables like broccoli, collard greens, and vegetable juice.