By pregnancy week 28 the baby is more than 15 inches in length and the weight is roughly about 2.5 pounds. At pregnancy week 28 the smaller airways and tiny air sacs in the baby’s lungs have developed. The amount of fat too is increasing in the baby’s body which makes it easier to identify the position of the baby. The head of the baby is more in proportion to the rest of the body. The hair also grows longer. The skin of the baby shines and is damp. It is fully covered with vernix and has fewer wrinkles. The baby moves around making the mother aware that she is uncomfortable with her sitting or lying position. The baby responds to loud noise and may also respond to chemicals hormones from the mother’s body which enters the baby’s bloodstream. By this week the baby also develops eyelashes. The eyes of the baby open and close. The baby sleeps and wakes up at normal intervals. The tissues of the brain continue to develop.
The uterus is about 3 inches above the navel. The weight gain has increased by this week and will remain constant hereafter. This weight gain provides all the nourishment and comfort that the baby needs throughout pregnancy. Women suffering from lower back pain, swelling or itching can go for some massage which will help give much comfort. Healthcare provider is seen more frequently from pregnancy week 28. Every visit involves same tests and procedures so that the pregnancy is tracked. The doctor checks the mother’s weight, blood pressure, urine for sugar and protein levels, the baby’s heartbeat to se if baby is doing well and Rh factor.
At pregnancy week 28 the baby grows becoming bigger and stronger. Mother’s start finds difficulty in sleeping. Other symptoms that include are: leg cramps and swelling in ankles, pain in the lower abdomen, heartburn and indigestion, shortness of breath, itchiness, varicose veins, hemorrhoids, Braxton Hicks contractions and the need to urinate frequently due to the increasing pressure on the bladder. The baby gets settled into a proper position for birth and his head might rest on the sciatic nerve in the lower part of the spine. Due to this sharp, shooting pain, tingling or numbness might be experienced by mothers. This discomfort starts in the buttocks and radiates down back of the legs. This pain of sciatica can be intense at times. To help with this discomfort, a heating pas, stretches or just a rest will help relieve the symptom.
During pregnancy week 28 backache might also become worse. A warm bath might soothe this discomfort. Hemorrhoids are likely to be caused if women spend lot of time in standing or sitting. To avoid this discomfort mothers should continue eating a balanced diet and drink plenty of water. Fatigue might also be caused in most mothers in this week. Even if it is difficult sleeping mothers should try to prop up feet and allow the body to rest. If breathlessness becomes worse at this time, then, sitting up straight might help some women with this problem. In this period of pregnancy week 28 mothers can think about childbirth classes, baby care essentials and baby shower if required.